Basic ROTC

Basic ROTC

Basic ROTC focuses on equipping its graduates with the five fundamental skills of LEAD, SHOOT, MOVE, NAVIGATE, and COMMUNICATE. These five skills are embedded in lectures and training held under the two Military Science courses to be taken under Basic ROTC: Military Science 1 and Military Science 2.

Throughout the Corps Year, while training to acquire the competencies mentioned above, Basic Cadets will be able to participate in activities such as Camp Visits, Sportfest, and Cadet’s Ball. Such activities boost morale and strengthen camaraderie of cadets. Another activity is the Regional Annual Administrative and Tactical Inspection (RAATI), this gives the cadets the chance to represent the University in an annual competition amongst ROTC Units in the region through UP ROTC, the Best Corps.

Military Science 1

Military Science 1: NSTP Module

NSTP Tatak UP OrientationBeyond NSTP: NSRC and AFP Reservist Program
TATAK UP: the UPD NSTP Framework
History of UP as a Public Service University
What is NSTP? NSTP Law, IRR and History
Course Introduction, Class Policies
Self and OthersIntroduction of the module
Looking self as a whole
Looking another person as a whole
Nationalism, Citizenship, and Nation BuildingBasic concepts of nationalism, citizenship, and nation-building
Appreciation of Filipino citizenship and nationalism
Articulation of the vital role of performing the duties and responsibilities of Filipino citizens in shaping and building the Filipino nation
Philippine Society and CultureBasic concepts of culture, society, cultural diversity, and cultural sensitivity
Recognition of cultural diversity and the need for cultural sensitivity
Articulation of the vital role of performing the duties and responsibilities of Filipino citizens in shaping/building the Filipino nation.
Human Dignity and Human RightsConcepts and principles of human rights
The laws and declarations that protect human rights
The different dimensions of human rights
– Civil and Political Human Rights
– Economic, Social, and Cultural Human Rights
The human rights situation in the Philippines
Gender and DevelopmentGAD basic concepts and definition
Laws upholding gender rights
Gender situation and concerns
Environmental Protection and ManagementPerspectives on the environment
Contemporary Environmental Issues
– Global environmental situation
– Environmental situation in the Philippines
Our role in Environmental Protection
– Ecological Footprint and Lifestyle Choices contributing to environmental preservation
– The importance of social movements in environmental protection
– Best practices in Environmental Protection
DRRMDRRM terms and concepts
Hazard profile of the Philippines
– Hydrometeorological Hazards
– Geological Hazards
– Anthropogenic Hazards
DRRM Framework and Practice
– Hazard-Exposure-Vulnerability Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
– Introduction to RA 10121 and its IRR: The Philippine DRRM Framework
– Phases of Disaster Risk Management
– Local and Community-Based Involvement
– Emergency Preparedness in the Household
Basic Life Support
Community EngagementUnderstanding Community Engagement
Challenges and prospects of community engagement
Principles in community engagement
Methods and approaches in community engagement

Military Science 1: ROTC Module

Physical Orientation of the Cadet Corps and Course OrientationOrganization of cadets into their units
Course Orientation (Grading System, Merit System, Cadet Honor Code)
Military OrganizationOrganization and Functions of AFP
Chain of Command
Philippine Military History
Military LeadershipDefinition of Terms
Factors of Leadership
Principles of Leadership
Qualities of a Leader
Military Courtesy and DisciplineRendering a Salute
Identification of Rank Insignias in the AFP
Military Discipline
SOPs of UP Corps of Cadets
Military Customs and TraditionsAFP Core Values
Military CorrespondenceDefinition of Terms
Methods of Communication
Types of Correspondence
Military IntelligenceDefinition of Terms
Report Writing (SALUTE and EEIs)
Military Secrecy
Interior Guard DutyDefinition of Terms
11 General Orders
Map Reading and Land NavigationMarginal Information
Terrain Features on a Map
Determining a location
Map Orientation
Determining Grid Coordinates
Determining Elevation
Determining Azimuth
Determining Distance
Methods of Locating a Point
Weapons TrainingGun Safety Principles
History and Nomenclature
Assembly and Disassembly of both M16 and M14 Rifles
Cycles of Operations
Mortar Gunnery
MarksmanshipFundamentals of Marksmanship
Dominant Eye, Triangulation Exercise, Sight Picture, Dry Firing
Infantry Rifle SquadDuties and Responsibilities, Squad Formations
Signal CommunicationMeans of communication, Military prowords, NATO Phonetic Alphabet, Morse Code, Light, sound, and arm and hand signal, RATELO
Camouflage, Cover, and ConcealmentCamouflage, Cover, Concealment
Individual Movement TechniquesDifferent Types of Crawls, Methods of Travel
Dismounted DrillDefinition of Terms
Individual Drill
Platoon Drill
Company Drill
CeremoniesParade and Review
Presentation of Sponsors

Military Science 2

Troop Leading ProceduresDefinition and Purpose
Factors of TLP (METTT-C)
Survival, Resistance, Escape, and EvasionSURVIVAL

Infantry Unit Specialization

OrientationDiscussion on Infantry Specialization Course Outline
Permanent Squad Assignments
Introduction to Ranger OperationsCombat Intelligence
Operations Orders
Fragmentary Orders
Warning Orders
Weapons TrainingMortar Gunnery
Grenade Throwing
Pistol Drill
Patrolling Definition
Types of Patrol
Infantry Rifle SquadSquad Elements
Squad Formations
Squad Movements
Small Unit TacticsReacting to Contact
Breaking Contact
Crossing Danger Areas
Hasty Raid
Hasty Ambush
Deliberate Ambush
Raids and AmbuscadesDeliberate Raid 
Close Quarter BattlesRoom Clearing
Combat LifesavingOrientation
Emergency Movement and Transfer
Tourniquet Application and Bandaging Techniques

Rescue Unit Specialization

OrientationDiscussion on Rescue Specialization Course Outline
Basic Life SavingERT
Specific Injuries
Climatic Injuries
Bites and Stings
High Angle RescueKnot Tying
Seat Hip Rappel
Australian Rappel
Rescue Rappel
Water TrainingBasic Swimming
Rescue Swimming

Rayadillo Unit Specialization

OrientationDiscussion on Rayadillo Specialization Course Outline
Platoon Drill and Company DrillProblem Solving Practical
Silent DrillIndividual Drill
Rifle Inspection
Drill Formations
Physical TrainingUS Army Training Guide

Field Artillery Unit Specialization

OrientationDiscussion on Field Artillery Specialization Course Outline
IntroductionWhat is Field Artillery
History of Field Artillery
History of UP ROTC Field Artillery Unit
Camp VisitsField Artillery Equipment Demonstration
Dry Firing Exercises

UP Diliman ROTC Units


The Rayadillo Unit

The UP ROTC was in line for a major change in the form of the addition of the Rayadillo into their ranks. While there was already a model company existing in the ROTC since it began, the Rayadillo became UP ROTC’s distinction as an ROTC unit.

The call for a special “model unit” came from the office of the President of UP upon his ascent into office, who was then the famous diplomat and statesman, General Carlos P. Romulo. General Romulo felt that there was a need for an elite group of men. This would be a unit with the capability of executing a “military reception” for visiting and local dignitaries with all the characteristic “pageantry”, “glamor”, and military discipline.


A committee was formed to deliberate on the possibilities and relevance of creating such a unit. Those called into the historic meeting with Romulo were Ms. Iluminada Panlilio, the University Secretary; the acting UP ROTC Commandant, General Armurfo Banez (who was Captain at the time) and the tactical officer, Vanguard David Madrid. No sooner than it was approved, the task was quickly and vigorously undertaken. Within the second semester of SY 1962-1963, the task was fully accomplished and a special unit was born.; the UP Rayadillo “Honor Guard” Battalion.


The name “Rayadillo” was adopted because of its historical significance. It was the name given to the Elite Presidential Guards of President Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution of 1896, because of the blue cloth of their uniform which was uniquely pinstripe. To accurately and wholly give honor to those men of the Elite Guards, the present uniform of the Rayadillo was strictly patterned after the original paraphernalia, to the use of four types of headgears; the “demonito salakot”, the “buri” hat, the guinet cap, and the “upo-salakot”. Therefore, the “nationalization” process on-going today in UP may actually be attributed to the early dream and accomplishment of Romulo of a “Filipino” (in all aspects) model company.

General Romulo founded a legacy in the military through the introduction of the use of Tagalog commands during drills. This adoption of Tagalog commands was quickly followed by the Philippine Constabulary, and later on by the Armed Forces of the Philippines as a whole. The Rayadillo was even more honored with the creation of the musical composition of the “Rayadillo March” to be played by the band during pageants. Finally, everything was set and Rayadillo was ready to make its mark in Philippine History.


The Rayadillo was inaugurated on 18 August 1962 during the Presentation of Sponsors of the Board of Regents. Since that time, the Rayadillo has performed to the delight of several dignitaries, fellow students, and countrymen alike. Exhibitions ranging from parades for the President and the Vice President of the University of the Philippines, the Board of Regents, for the Philippines Congress and for the reception of the President of Mexico, President Suharto of Indonesia and Prince Akihito from Japan. Because of their military precision, the Rayadillo was justifiably regarded as the “Honor Company” of the Metropolitan Citizen Military Training Command in Fort Bonifacio. Thus, proving that through time, the pursuit of honor, discipline, and excellence has never waned, for these attributes are at the heart of every proud member of the elite group of men called the “Rayadillo”.


To wear the Rayadillo uniform is a prestige earned as the Unit trains its cadets well in performing drills and ceremonies. Today, the Rayadillo Unit is still frequently tapped to represent the UP ROTC and provide military honors both inside and outside the University, earning them two (2) free PE Units per semester of training.

Join the prestigious Honor Guard unit – the best unit!



The Infantry "UP Black Hawks" Unit

The Infantry Unit is known for specializing in land-based, foot soldier type of training.

Each Infantry cadet is trained to master individual soldier combat training skills. The Unit conducts training of individual and small unit tactics for jungle-based and urban-based military operations, which includes Individual and Squad Movement Techniques. Cadets are trained in different patrolling techniques such as conducting raids, ambushes, and handling compromise situations.


Infantry cadets are also trained in handling weapons such as M16A1 Rifle and Cal .45 Pistol. Infantry cadets are selected to compete in the Limited Warfighting stake in RAATI, which includes Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Identification, Mortar Gunnery, Endurance Firing, Sniping (M14 Rifle), and Hostage Taking.

Close Quarter Combat (CQB) is also one of the specializations of the Infantry Unit. CQB is done to raid installations and buildings. The standard operating procedures of CQB apply when the scenario of the mission is in an urban area.


The highlight of the Infantry unit training is the Combat Lifesaving (CLS). This is a specialized training conducted by the Armed Forces of the Philippines aiming to lessen casualty during combat by deploying Combat Lifesavers to administer first-aid to injured troops. Combat Lifesaving is different from Basic Lifesaving and BERC because CLS is done during combat, meaning the responder will be under fire. Currently, the Corps of Cadets have four (4) certified Combat Lifesavers.

The Infantry Unit is called the UP Blackhawks. The Blackhawks stages field training exercises (FTX) around the Campus to apply small unit tactics, signal communication, and survival.

Do you want to be part of the UP Blackhawks? Enlist in the Infantry unit and be ready to HUNT THEM, TAKE THEM DOWN!


The Rescue Unit

The Rescue Unit is trained to save and preserve lives. They are cadets who specialize in disaster risk reduction and management, which equips them knowledge in handling and responding to disasters and crisis situations.

The Unit trains its cadets to be proficient in Basic Life Saving, disaster risk reduction and management, and humanitarian assistance and disaster response management (HADR) which truly builds them as lifesavers.

The specialization training of the Rescue Unit includes High Angle Rescue where the cadets will be trained to handle ropes and master knot tying. Then, the highlight of the High Angle Rescue is the Rappelling. The UP ROTC has its own Rappelling tower (located at the west side of the Vanguard Building) which is utilized specifically by Rescue cadets during this training.


Another specialization training the Rescue unit undergoes is the Water Training composed of Basic Swimming, Drownproofing, and Rescue Swimming.

The Rescue Unit can also get a Basic Emergency Responder Course, a more in-depth training in emergency response. The training is usually given by MMDA. BERC is composed of lectures and practicals on Basic Trauma Emergencies (covering Body Substance Isolation, Musculo-Skeletal and Soft-Tissue Injuries, Bandaging and Splinting, Bleeding and Shock, and Patient Assessment), Basic Life Support (adult and infant), Foreign Body Airway Obstruction, Lifting and Moving, and Mass Casualty Incidents (MCI).

Enlist now and be a part of the Rescue Unit; because in Rescue, “SAVING LIVES IS WHAT WE DO!”

Field Artillery

The Field Artillery "Battery" Unit

The UP Field Artillery (FA) or the “Battery”, as it is also known, takes pride in being the only established unit of its kind among all other ROTC Units in the country. It has been the special unit of the Corps which made a distinction for UPROTC. Its inception can be traced back in the pre-war period and has withstood the test of times up to this day.

The Field Artillery Unit was established on October 26, 1929 with the issuance of the 75mm field guns. In 1935, a mounted battery unit was organized equipped with 2.95 inch guns. When World War II broke out in December 1941, members of the unit volunteered to man actual Artillery units to fight alongside regular soldiers. They would become known as the “ROTC Battery.”

U.P. Field Artillery “Battery” Unit

The year of early 2000 saw action-packed training for the cadets. Bewildered with the abolition of the ROTC movement due to the death of UST Cadet Mark Chua for exposing alleged corruption in UST ROTC, the Field Artillery Battalion was instrumental in showing everyone that UP offers quality training. Even though ROTC was made optional, more than a thousand students still enrolled to become cadets and many of them were enticed to enlist under the Great FA Battalion due to the one of a kind experiences of training with actual howitzers. They were proud to be in UP, prouder to be in the ROTC and proudest to be in the Field Artillery.

U.P. Field Artillery “Battery” Unit

The training was primarily centered on the concept of the FA Gunnery Team (Also known as Fire Support Gunnery Team). Understanding the crucial role of Combat Support and Mastery of the Forward Observer Procedures, Fire Direction Center and Firing Battery Operations prepared the FA cadets in conducting Fire Missions as their culminating activity at the end of the training year. These are held on known Fire Bases like the Crow Valley Tactical Gunnery Range near Camp O’Donnell Capas, Tarlac and at Fort Magsaysay Laur, Nueva Ecija. The Office of the Army Chief Artillery was instrumental in the conduct of the training for providing competent instructors and field officers and of course, the artillery pieces, ammunition (both live and blank rounds) and logistics needed in the training.

U.P. Field Artillery “Battery” Unit

Precision and accuracy have been the trademarks of the Field Artillery Battalion; whether it be landing fires on targets in Field Training Exercises or synchronizing the first and the last round of the gun salute with the first and last note of the ruffles that the band plays during arrival honors. Thus, it has the distinction of being the Five-time recipient of the much-coveted Best Battalion “Kampilan Sword” award of the UP Corps of Cadets – more than any Battalion has ever achieved. Carrying the title “Rex Belli,” the Field Artillery continues to live up as the King of Battle.

The Field Artillery Unit has been recently revived after years of inactivity; join the Field Artillery unit and once again, light up the passion of the gunnermen wearing the fierce red beret and the bold black gloves roaring:


Program of Instructions


To teach students the values of citizenship, leadership, service to the community, personal responsibility and a sense of accomplishment while instilling in them self-esteem, teamwork, and self-discipline.  It prepares students for responsible leadership roles while making them aware of their rights, responsibilities, and privileges as Filipino citizens.  It provides instruction and rewarding opportunities that will benefit the student, community, and nation.


The objectives of the ROTC program are:

  1. To attract, motivate, and prepare selected students to serve as commissioned Officers in the Active or Reserve Force of the Philippine Army.
  2. To provide ROTC cadets with the fundamental concepts and principles of military art and science to develop leadership and managerial potential.
  3. To develop strong sense of personal integrity, honor, responsibility, and good citizenship.

Attainment of the ROTC objectives prepares students for a sound foundation for their future professional development and effective performance essential to success in any career.

Military Science 1 Program of Instruction

1. PHYSICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE CADET CORPS and COURSE ORIENTATION Organizing the cadets by squad / platoon / company and its equivalent of the Cadet Corps.  Course orientation (General Provisions, attendance, Grading System, Merits System, Conditions of the Service).2 (1L, 1PE) 
a.  Legal Basis for ROTC ProgramSpecific Provisions of the Fundamental law and pertinent Republic Act1LRA 7077, RA 9163 & Phil Constitution
b. Military Organization a. Organizations & Functions of the AFP; Major services; area unified commands; major combat service and combat service support organization; The TOE of a Div, Bde and other units; PA, PAF and PN mission,

b. The Chain of Command (Commander in Chief, DND & AFP, Brief History of the AFP, Mission, Organization and capabilities of the AFP, Major Service Commands, Major Service RESCOMs and AFPRESCOM.
1La. Special Text   b. AFP Field Manual
c.  Philippine Military Historya. Filipino Freedom Fighters (Guerillas) during pre-Spanish period influences of the Spaniards. Americans and Japanese on our society and the society of the future.

b. The capsulated history of the AFP, Participation in the conflicts from WW II, to Korea, Vietnam, MNLF campaign, reconciling martial traditions with the new code of the Filipino soldier.

c. Role of ROTC in previous wars
1L; 4 hrs PA camp tourHistory of the Philippine, by Agoncillo     PA Centennial Book 1997 Issue
  d.  AFP Core Valuesa.  Basic in Code of Ethics, 5 AFP Core Values

b. Military Culture, Customs and tradition, core philosophy and its impact on our service to our Country and the Filipino People.

c.  Basic in Soldiering d. Reconciling the Army traditions with the new code of the Filipino Soldier.
1L, 1 hr film showingSpl Text
e. Military Courtesy and Disciplinea. Definition of terms, Who, What, When, Where, Why and How to Salute.

b. Conduct and behavior of a soldier (while in combat operations; while dealing with the civilian; and towards their superiors and counterparts)

c. Services and Courtesies.

d. Identification of Rank Insignias in the AFP.

e. Military traditions of the Filipino soldier.

f. Soldiers attitudes going to the basics.
1LSoldiers Handbook
  f. Military Justice Military Justice System, Sources of military law, military jurisdiction, selected punitive Articles of War, and relationship between civil-military courts1LSoldiers Handbook
g. Military LeadershipDefinition of terms; Factors of Leadership; Qualities of leader, Basic Leadership Styles; 3 Over-all types of leadership;1L 
a. Basic Intelligence Definition of terms, Basic report writing, SALUTE should be complemented with the more common and practical 5Ws and 1H format, letter drops, portrait parle,.1L, 2PESize, activity, location, unit, time and equipment (SALUTE)
b. Basic Map Reading and Land NavigationMap orientation; Types of maps according to scale; azimuths and direction using a compass & protractor; Measuring distance on a map; locating points on the map and means of locating one’s position on the map and on the ground.2L, 2PE 
c.  Basic Signal CommunicationIntroduction to signal communication, five (5) means of communication, familiarization of different radio equipment, its capabilities and limitations.  Military prowords, flashing lights, hand and arm signal1L, 1PE 
 d. Individual Movement TechniqueDay and night movement, cover and concealment, camouflaging, Organizing the squad / platoon into their individual role as a Rifleman, Hand and arm signal and flashing light.1L, 2PE 
e. Basic Unit FormationsDifferent types of combat formation (Team, Squad, Platoon, Company)1L, 1PE 
f.  Basic Weapons Training (M16 5.56mm, M14, Grenade & Garand)Nomenclature, general data, characteristics, cycle of operation assembly and disassembly, care and maintenance, History of Grenade, Parts of Grenade, capability and limitation, Procedure of throwing hand grenade1L, 1PE 
 g. Pre Marksmanship TrainingFundamental of firing, types of firing positions (prone, sitting, kneeling, standing to prone and standing to sitting).  Correct sight picture, Triangulation and coach and pupil techniques1L, 1PE 
a.  Threat to National Security (“Knowing the Enemy” of the State)a. CCP History, strategy and recruitment methods and propaganda.

b. Three Basic propaganda, talks of Mao Tse Tung, (MLMTT).

c. Concept of communism and its varieties as applied to Philippine setting; the three weapon system.

d. The four functional commissions and territorial including their corresponding arms.

e. LCM: Characteristics and organization of the NPA Guerilla Zones and base areas principles of NPA operations; armed city partisans and sparrows.

f. NDF, United front building; the sectoral organizations.

g. How the communist launch their campaign and propaganda techniques they used based on persuasion and intimidation, distortion and exaggeration.

h. The capability of the threats and their vulnerabilities, their organization and mobilization efforts.


j.  Insurgency and Terrorism, Political, Economic Social perspective of the threats to national security.
2L, 2 hrs film showinga. Special Text b. Anatomy of Communist Insurgency.
b.  Peace Processa. Provisions, Concepts, Mechanics of Peace Process

b.  Policies and guidelines on POC from National down to municipal level

c.  Processes and implementation of POC

d.  Processes undertaken by the GRP and the OPAPP (Office of the Presidential Adviser on Peace Process)

e.  The mission, functions and responsibilities of OPAPP

f.  Human Rights Advocacy program of the AFP

g. Provisions of the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Law (CARHRIHL) entered into by the government and the CPP-NPA-NDF negotiating panels.)
2LExecutive Order Nr 103 – POC Program Info Materials – OPPAP Brochure
a.  Army Social Responsibility (ASR) Programa. The rationale on how Army Social Responsibility revolves around the spirit of rendering services voluntary even beyond the call of duty.

b. Causes why should every Army personnel to be always on the call in extending assistance 24 hours a day, seven days a week all year round.

c. The current frame of mind among the Army personnel that all non-combat activities and civilian relations are identified with “civil military operations” should be reconfigured.

d.  ASR as the Philippine Army’s inherent care and concern for humanity.

e.  The process on convergence and integration of private sectors, corporate businesses, NGO’s and philanthropic individuals shared resources to ASR and distribute it to the direct beneficiaries.

f. The special role of the Philippine Army in being responsible for the welfare of the people beyond its role as defender of the land.

g. Alleviating the plight of the marginalized sectors of society by reaching out to other communities

h. Developing soldier’s generosity to ever increasing levels and define sustainability through volunteerism approach.
1LASR Manual
b.  Disaster preparedness    a.  Aim, Function of disaster rescue, Groups of rescue worker, personal traits, behavior of the rescuer, rescue by stage, team composition, rescue plan.

b. Disaster preparedness and rescue operations, and further equip them with skills in Disaster Relief Operations

c.  Disaster Response & Rescue Operations and skills in Rescue Operations.

d.  Organization of rescue team, security, rescuer, first aider/medical services.
1L, 4 hrs practical exercises  Special Text on Disaster Rescue & Relief Operations.
c.  Community Servicea.  The importance of area study in support to Civil-Military Opns

b.  Familiarization on the intelligence requirements of any Military Operations

c.  Definition and identification of demographic and psychographic information about the area of operation in support to the conduct of Civil-Military Operations

d.  Description and discussion of the CAS factors

e.  Formulation and preparation of Community Area Study Assessment based on (HGS-RESPEC-HMO)
1L; 4 hrs community serviceSpecial Handouts / Facts sheets
  a. Dismounted DrillLecture and conduct of dismounted drill, ceremonies, parades inspection of individual equipment.1L7PE
  b. CeremoniesParade and Review, Conduct of Arrival honor, Presentation of sponsors1L1PE
 7. TEST & EVALUATIONGraded Examination1 
 TOTAL60 Hrs 
a. Interior Guard Duty Definition of terms, Sequence of formal / informal guard mounting,  (11 General Orders)  
b. Human Rights Provision of Human Rights  
c. Anti and Counter TerrorismReading of news articles – five (5) articles that affect the image of the PA/AFP and five (5) articles on CPP/NPA atrocities). Organization and Dynamics; Mode of Opns & Techniques  
d. Basic Signal Communicationa.  Signal Communications, General     1)  Principles of Signal Communication     2)  Signal support organization in the maneuver units (Infantry) and Combat support (Artillery)     3)  Means of Signal Communication and its employment in various types of offensive and defensive operations.     4)  Message preparation and handling

b.  Basic Radio Communication     1)  Radio-telephone procedure     2)  Capabilities and limitations of radio     3)  General characteristics of radio     4)  Field expedient radio communication

c.  Communication Security     1)  CEOI/CESI formulation and use     2)  Radio commo security procedures and techniques     3)  Message center operation (Division HQs, Brigade HQs and Bn HQs)
 e.  Basic SurvivalFamiliarization on various field craft, survival at sea, water and food discipline and other survival technique.  
f.  Intro to CMODifferent pillars of CMO, concepts, roles and the significance of CMO for the furtherance of the AFP mission.  
g.  AGOS / Heliborne OpnsProcedures on directing, troop boarding and dismount from a helicopter.  
h. Familiarization FiringFamiliarization firing  

Military Science 2 Program of Instruction

 1. PHYSICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE CADET CORPS AND COURSE ORIENTATIONOrganizing the cadets by Squad / platoon / Company and its equivalent of the Cadet Corps. Course orientation (General Provisions, Attendance, Grading System, Merits System, Conditions of the Service).1            (1PE) 
a.  PA OrganizationCombat Units, Combat Support Units and Combat Service Support Units (all units of PA)1L 
b.  Troop Leading ProcedureSteps in TLP1L 
c.  Problem solving ProcessProblem identification, courses of actions and adoption of best course of action.2L 
d. Reservist and Reserve Force DevelopmentSources, Classification, organization, Category, Benefits System of Reservist. Orientation on Reservist Administration, Manpower Development, Reserve Force Development, Retiree and Public Affairs.2L 
e.  Introduction to LogisticsFive (5) basic pillars of logistics:  supply, transportation, maintenance, facilities and installations and other logistics services1L 
   a. PatrollingDefinition of terms; types and organization of patrol; Fire and maneuver; Field demonstration, SF & SR organization and capability demonstration1L, 3DPE 
   b. RaidsDefinition of terms, Types and technique purpose1L 
   c. AmbuscadesDifferent types of ambush1L 
   d. Rifle Squad TacticsMovement techniques / Formations used; Fire Team Formations (Infantry)1L 
a. Visual TrackingMemory training, reading of trail signs.1L, 1PE 
b.  Military MountaineeringRopes and knots tying, rappelling techniques, river crossing techniques1L, 1PE 
c.  Jungle Base OperationSite selection, Jungle base activities and survival techniques1L, 3PE 
d.  Marches and Bivouacs and Land NavigationDefinition of terms; Classification of troop movements; (Tactical and Admin); Control measures in the proper conduct of foot and vehicular marches; selection and occupation of bivouac area. Day Navigation1L, 3PE 
e.  Military StakesMap Reading, Assembly / Disassembly of weapons, signal commo, first aid, Small Unit Tactics4PE 
5. MARKSMANSHIP TRAININGFundamental of firing, types of firing positions (prone, sitting, kneeling, standing to prone and standing to sitting).  Correct sight picture, Triangulation and coach and pupil techniques, Familiarization firing2   (1L, 1D) 
a. Personal Hygiene & Sanitation Health maintenance and sanitary practice, types and treatment of communicable diseases, Measures to protect and improve health responsibility for military sanitation.1L 
b. 1st Aid/Basic Life Support 1 (AR-CPR) Types of wounds and treatment, Application of tourniquet and casualty, Intro to Basic Life Support, ABC BLS, Respiratory and Cardiovascular System, Technique of Basic CPR, Evacuation Procedure.1L, 2PE 
7.  FAMILIARIZATION FIRINGActual firing of rifles4PE 
8.  BASIC OBSTACLE COURSEObstacle courses in various camps4   (1D/3PE) 
9. EDUCATIONAL TOURTour on military historical sites, Museum, Military camps / installation.4PE 
  a. DrillsConduct of dismounted drills, school of soldiers w/o arms1L7PE
 b. CeremoniesCeremonies; parades; inspections; honors1L1PE
11. TEST & EVALUATIONGraded Examination1 
 TOTAL60 Hrs 
 a. Intro to Artillery OperationsClassification, Capabilities and Limitations of FA weapons; Field Artillery Organizations; Missions; fundamentals and Employment  
 b. Forward ObserverIntro; Purpose of Employment of FO; Methods of Locating Targets (Grid coordinate, Polar coordinates and shift from a known point); Elements of call for fire.  
 c. Intro to Armor OperationsClassification of Armor Vehicles; Capabilities and Limitations of Armor; Armor organizations; Mission  
 d. Intro to Unconventional WarfareDefinition of terms; concepts in unconventional warfare 7 phases of UW (Psyops, Infiltration, Initial contact, Organization, Development, Training, Cbt employment and Demobilization  
 e. Platoon TacticsDefinition of terms, characteristics and tactics; Platoon formation (Infantry)  
    a. 60mm Mortar / 81 mm MortarNomenclature, Characteristics; General data; Ammunition; Functioning; Assembly/Disassembly  
    b. Cal 50 MGNomenclature, Characteristics; General data; Ammunition; Functioning; Assembly/Disassembly  


  1. UP ROTC. (2019, July 4). Enlist NSTP ROTC 1 – RAYA NOW and get FREE UNITS OF P.E.! [Facebook Post]. Retrieved from
  2. UP ROTC. (2019, July 4). Enlist in NSTP ROTC 1 – INF now! [Facebook Post]. Retrieved from
  3. UP ROTC. (2019, July 4). Enlist NSTP ROTC 1 – RES now! [Facebook Post]. Retrieved from
  4. UP ROTC. (2019, July 4). Enlist in NSTP ROTC 1 – FA now! [Facebook Post]. Retrieved from
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